ETHIOPIA: Oromo People

Tourism Observer

The Oromo people are an ethnic group inhabiting Ethiopia and parts of Kenya and Somalia. They are the largest ethnic group in Ethiopia and the wider Horn of Africa.

According to the 2007 census, they represent approximately 34.5% of Ethiopia’s population, while others estimate they make up about 40% of the population.

With the total Ethiopian population thought to be over 102 million, the number of Oromo people exceeds 35 million in Ethiopia alone.

Oromos speak the Oromo language as a mother tongue also called Afaan Oromoo and Oromiffa, which is part of the Cushitic branch of the Afro-Asiatic family.

The Oromo people followed their traditional religion and used the gada or gadaa system of governance.

A leader elected by the gadaa system remains in power only for 8 years with an election taking place at the end of that 8 years.

From the 18th century to the 19th century…

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